When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another…they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.
~Declaration of Independence
Teachers are the Key to Our Democracy’s Future
Saving our democracy! That’s what we do as teachers. If students don’t become critically literate, our very republic is at stake. We have to teach students to read and question, to become fully literate, not content with just reading the words.
Governed vs. Government – Yeah, but aren’t they the same base word?
Today I was reminded of the importance of my teaching. My eighth graders were paraphrasing the introduction of the Declaration of Independence. They came armed with a partner, a dictionary, and weeks of studying colonization and the American Revolution. However, when they got to the phrase–certainly one of the more important in the document—“…deriving their powers from the consent of the governed,” I noticed several students used government for a synonym for governed in their paraphrase. What?
While wandering the crowd, I saw the first one, and I stopped to visit. I mentioned that it sounded like they changed the declaration to one advocating communism, instead of our current form of government. We talked about it for a bit, and I helped them see the difference between governed and government.
Then I continued looking at other paraphrases and quickly noticed a trend. Fully, the first four pairs I got to had made a similar switch in terminology.
So, I stopped and kindly, of course, gave the class my “You-need-to-be-critical-readers-so-you-can-maintain-our-democracy-for-future-generations” speech. “You’ll be taking over,” I continued, “so YOU have to be a strategic reader and thinker to be able to protect the freedoms we have in America.”
Together we came up with a list of synonyms for governed and government and they realized, of course, that they were NOT synonymous words.
Government Gets Authority from Us – Yes!
They got back to their work on their paraphrases with a better understanding, writing passionate summaries of the phrase they first glossed over. Here are the summaries they came up with after the mini lesson…
1. …receiving their powers from the votes and permission of the citizens of the United States of America.
2. …taking their just powers from the permission of the U.S. citizens
3. …they obtain their powers through the approval of the people, not the government
4. …obtaining their powers from the approval of the citizens of the United States
5. …receive their powers only from the permission of the people
6. …obtaining their powers only with the permission of the people of the U.S.
7. …taking their authority from us Americans
8. …getting their fair powers from the permission of the citizens
9. …getting their just powers by the choice of the people of the United States
Here is one group’s complete summary of the introduction:
When during human history one nation finds it necessary to stop being a colony of another, they should declare the reasons why they are forced to separate. These truths are obvious, all people are created equal. They have God-given rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, which cannot be taken away. Governments are set up by the people, and they get their authority only when the people give it to them.
I think they became more critically literate today! I also think our democracy smiled and stood up a little straighter today.
What is the difference between basic literacy and critical literacy?
What stories do you have of teaching critical literacy?